Phoster

Research and Development

Play, Role-playing Games, Improvisational Theatre and Interactive Digital Entertainment

Play and Collaborative Play

Pretense: The Form and Function of Make-believe Play by Inge Bretherton, The Organization of Pretend Play by Catherine Garvey and Rita Berndt, Play, Cognitive Development, and the Social World: Piaget, Vygotsky, and Beyond by Ageliki Nicolopoulou, The Language of Social Pretend Play by Catherine Garvey and Thayer L. Kramer, Pretend Play Skills and the Child's Theory of Mind by Angeline S. Lillard, Pretense and Representation: The Origins of “Theory of Mind” by A. Leslie, Children's Representation of Narrative Perspectives in Storytelling and Pretense in Relation to Theory of Mind by Hande Ilgaz, Development of Intersubjectivity in Social Pretend Play by Artin Göncü, Modes of Transformation in the Initiation of Fantasy Play by Wendy S. Matthews, Cooperative Formats in Pretend Play among Young Children by Mina Verba, The Beginnings of Collaboration in Peer Interaction by Mina Verba and Multiagent Collaboration in Directed Improvisation by Barbara Hayes-Roth, Lee Brownston and Robert van Gent.

Interactive Narrative Play

Making Space for Voice: Technologies to Support Children’s Fantasy and Storytelling by Justine Cassell and Kimiko Ryokai, Narrative Development in Social Context by Ageliki Nicolopoulou, Children's Storytelling: Toward an Interpretive and Sociocultural Approach by Ageliki Nicolopoulou, Computer Support for Children's Collaborative Fantasy Play and Storytelling by Kimiko Ryokai and Justine Cassell, Narrative Play and Emergent Literacy: Storytelling and Story-acting by Ageliki Nicolopoulou, Judith McDowell and Carolyn Brockmeyer and Understanding Others through Primary Interaction and Narrative Practice by Shaun Gallagher and Daniel Hutto.

Role-playing Games

An Embodied Cognition Approach for Understanding Role-playing by Petri Lankoski and Simo Järvelä, The Many Faces of Role-playing Games by Michael Hitchens and Anders Drachen, A Gamelike Performance - Exploring the Gaming Process and the Ecology of Live Action Role-playing Games by Marjukka Lampo, We Are the Great Pretenders: Larp Is Adult Pretend Play by Erling Rognli, Immersion Revisited: Role-playing as Interpretation and Narrative by Tobias Harding and A Hermeneutical Approach to Role-playing Analysis by J. Tuomas Harviainen.

Narrative, Interactivity, Improvisation and Emergent Narrative

Improvisation and Narrative by R. Keith Sawyer, Improvisation and Performance as Models for Interacting with Stories by Joshua Tanenbaum and Karen Tanenbaum, Narrative Development in Improvisational Theatre by Allan Baumer and Brian Magerko and Emergent Story Generation: Lessons from Improvisational Theater by Ivo Swartjes and Joost Vromen.

Presence, Social Presence and Dramatic Presence

The Role of Presence in the Experience of Electronic Games by Ron Tamborini and Paul Skalski, Place Presence, Social Presence, Co-presence, and Satisfaction in Virtual Worlds by Saniye T. Bulu, Defining and Differentiating Copresence, Social Presence and Presence as Transportation by Kristine Nowak, Dramatic Presence in Improvised Stories by Ivo Swartjes and Mariët Theune and Playing in or out of Character: User Role Differences in the Experience of Interactive Storytelling by Christian Roth, Ivar Vermeulen, Peter Vorderer, Christoph Klimmt, David Pizzi, Jean-Luc Lugrin and Marc Cavazza.

Improvisational Digital Characters

Virtual Actors That Can Perform Scripts and Improvise Roles by Peter Wavish and David Connah, A Dramatised Actant Model for Interactive Improvisational Plays by Martin Klesen, Janek Szatkowski and Niels Lehmann, Affect Detection and an Automated Improvisational AI Actor in E-drama by Li Zhang, Marco Gillies, John A. Barnden, Robert J. Hendley, Mark G. Lee and Alan M. Wallington, Shared Mental Models in Improvisational Digital Characters by Brian Magerko, Peter Dohogne and Daniel Fuller, A Computational Model for Finding the Tilt in an Improvised Scene by António Brisson, Brian Magerko and Ana Paiva, Tilt Riders: Improvisational Agents Who Know What the Scene Is About by António Brisson, Brian Magerko and Ana Paiva and Reaching Cognitive Consensus with Improvisational Agents by Rania Hodhod and Brian Magerko.

Group Dynamics and Improvisational Theatre

Ensemble Work in Theatre Rehearsals: Dynamics That Shape Group Cohesion by Erin S. Kelly, The Positive Effects of Cohesion on the Creativity of Small Groups by Robert M. Moore, Games for Actors and Non-actors by Augusto Boal, Shared Mental Models in Improvisational Theatre by Daniel Fuller and Brian Magerko, An Empirical Study of Cognition and Theatrical Improvisation by Brian Magerko, Waleed Manzoul, Mark Riedl, Allan Baumer, Daniel Fuller, Kurt Luther and Celia Pearce, The Relationship between Improvisation and Cognition by Carine Lewis and Cognitive Neuroscience and Acting: Imagination, Conceptual Blending, and Empathy by Rhonda Blair.