Phoster

Research and Development

Category: Cognitive Science

Alignment and Contextual Action Selection

Introduction The challenge addressed here is one of ensuring that relevant rules, laws, and regulations are loaded into agents' "working memories" when these systems encounter a wide variety of situations. By being able to search for and to load contextually relevant resources from large libraries, agents could be aligned with and select actions in accordance […]

Multi-agent Question-answering Systems

Introduction Agents representing ideological stances, positions, perspectives, or schools of thought can serve in multi-agent systems which generate encyclopedic answers to end-users' complex questions. Agent Design, Reuse and Selection Large language models can generate content while role-playing, or impersonating, characters and personas (Shanahan, McDonell, & Reynolds, 2023). They can be fine-tuned using the works of […]

The Contextual Recommendation of Advice and Wisdom

Introduction Wise people share advice and wisdom in the forms of allegories, anecdotes, aphorisms, apologues, fables, folklore, historical analogues, jokes, literature, lyrics, parables, poems, proverbs, quotations, stories, and witticisms. It is a multidisciplinary challenge to build artificial intelligence systems capable of these tasks. Towards solving this challenge, a new approach is presented: story-based search and […]

The History of Ideas

Introduction Essays in History of Ideas by Arthur O. Lovejoy, The Great Chain of Being by Arthur O. Lovejoy, Meaning and Understanding in the History of Ideas by Quentin Skinner, A Companion to Intellectual History edited by Richard Whatmore and Brian Young, What is Intellectual History? by Richard Whatmore, Modelling the History of Ideas by […]

Biographical Narrative and Prediction

Introduction Using Sequences of Life-events to Predict Human Lives by Germans Savcisens, Tina Eliassi-Rad, Lars K. Hansen, Laust H. Mortensen, Lau Lilleholt, Anna Rogers, Ingo Zettler and Sune Lehmann and Commonsense Causal Reasoning Using Millions of Personal Stories by Andrew Gordon, Cosmin Bejan and Kenji Sagae. GlossaryBiographyNarrativePredictionRelated ContentCorpus NarratologyMachine Learning and NarrativeMachine Reading Comprehension and […]

Ideal Observer Theory

Aesthetics Ideal Observer Theories in Aesthetics by Stephanie Ross. GlossaryAestheticsIdeal Observer Theory Epistemology Ideal Agents and Ideal Observers in Epistemology by Linda Zagzebski. GlossaryEpistemologyIdeal Observer Theory Ethics Ethical Absolutism and the Ideal Observer by Roderick Firth, The Definition of an 'Ideal Observer' Theory in Ethics by Richard B. Brandt and The Artificial Moral Advisor: The […]

Higher-order Theory of Mind

Art Intention and Interpretation edited by Gary Iseminger, Art, Intention, and Conversation by Noël Carroll, The Perception of Intention by Verena Dasser, Ib Ulbaek and David Premack, Design as Communication: Exploring the Validity and Utility of Relating Intention to Interpretation by Nathan Crilly, David Good, Derek Matravers and P. John Clarkson, Intention, Interpretation, and Contemporary […]

Multiagent Systems

Introduction Multiagent Systems: Algorithmic, Game-theoretic, and Logical Foundations by Yoav Shoham and Kevin Leyton-Brown and Cognition and Multi-agent Interaction: From Cognitive Modeling to Social Simulation edited by Ron Sun. GlossaryMultiagent System Computational Sociology Prediction and Explanation in Social Systems by Jake M. Hofman, Amit Sharma and Duncan J. Watts, Social Prediction: A New Research Paradigm […]

Computational Memetic Analysis

Memes The Meme Machine by Susan J. Blackmore, Understanding the Emergence of Conventions in Multi-agent Systems by Adam Walker and Michael J. Wooldridge and On Selfish Memes: Culture as Complex Adaptive System by Hokky Situngkir. GlossaryMemeMemetics Metaphors The Metaphorical Structure of the Human Conceptual System by George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, Mental Representation, Conceptual Spaces […]

Computational Modeling of Diachronic Semantics

Introduction Change Summarization of Diachronic Scholarly Paper Collections by Semantic Evolution Analysis by Naman Paharia, Muhammad S. M. Pozi and Adam Jatowt, Survey of Computational Approaches to Lexical Semantic Change Detection by Nina Tahmasebi, Lars Borin and Adam Jatowt and Diachronic Word Embeddings and Semantic Shifts: A Survey by Andrey Kutuzov, Lilja Ovrelid, Terrence Szymanski […]