Research and Development

Category: Cognitive Science

Adaptive Instructional Systems and Attention Training

Introduction Attention span is the amount of time that learners can spend concentrating on tasks. Sustained attention develops through childhood and into adulthood, with a period of accelerated development occurring during early and middle childhood (Slattery, O’Callaghan, Ryan, Fortune, & McAvinue, 2022). Attention training is a part of education. Learners are trained to remain focused […]

Adaptive Instructional Systems and Recreational Mathematics

Introduction Mathematics is the queen of the sciences and vital to nations’ education objectives. How can it be made more enjoyable and fun for learners of all ages? Comparative Mathematics Curriculum In the United States, while mathematics curriculum varies across schools and districts, traditionally, high-school mathematics has been separated by topics, each topic typically lasting […]

Alignment and Legal Information Retrieval

Introduction The challenge addressed here is that of ensuring that all applicable rules, laws, and regulations are loaded into artificial-intelligence agents' working memories as they encounter wide, potentially open-ended, sets of situations. By agents being able to search for, retrieve, and load applicable rules, laws, and regulations into their working memories, they could be in […]

Agents with Internal States

Introduction With respect to creating believable artificial-intelligence agents, rule-based approaches have been explored for four decades and modern approaches include uses of large language models (Park, O’Brien, Cai, Morris, Liang, & Bernstein, 2023). Generative artificial-intelligence models hold the potential to advance believable agent architectures through the integration of various emotional models (Hutson & Ratican, 2023). […]

Multi-agent Question-answering Systems

Introduction Agents representing ideological stances, positions, perspectives, or schools of thought can serve in multi-agent systems which generate encyclopedic answers to end-users' complex questions. Agent Design, Reuse and Selection Large language models can generate content while role-playing, or impersonating, characters and personas (Shanahan, McDonell, & Reynolds, 2023). They can be fine-tuned using the works of […]

Role-playing Language Agents

Introduction Personas for role-playing language agents can be categorized into three distinct categories: demographic personas, character personas, and individualized personas (Chen, Wang, Xu, Tuan, Zhang, Shi, & Xie, 2024). Demographic personas focus on groups of people sharing common characteristics. Character personas represent well-established, widely-recognized individuals. Individualized personas refer to digital profiles built and continuously updated […]

The Recommendation of Advice and Wisdom

Introduction Wise people share advice and wisdom in the forms of allegories, anecdotes, aphorisms, apologues, fables, folklore, historical analogues, jokes, literature, lyrics, parables, poems, proverbs, quotations, stories, and witticisms. It is a multidisciplinary challenge to build artificial intelligence systems capable of these tasks. Towards solving this challenge, a new approach is presented: story-based search and […]

The History of Ideas

Introduction Essays in History of Ideas by Arthur O. Lovejoy, The Great Chain of Being by Arthur O. Lovejoy, Meaning and Understanding in the History of Ideas by Quentin Skinner, A Companion to Intellectual History edited by Richard Whatmore and Brian Young, What is Intellectual History? by Richard Whatmore, Modelling the History of Ideas by […]

Biographical Narrative and Prediction

Introduction Using Sequences of Life-events to Predict Human Lives by Germans Savcisens, Tina Eliassi-Rad, Lars K. Hansen, Laust H. Mortensen, Lau Lilleholt, Anna Rogers, Ingo Zettler and Sune Lehmann and Commonsense Causal Reasoning Using Millions of Personal Stories by Andrew Gordon, Cosmin Bejan and Kenji Sagae. GlossaryBiographyNarrativePredictionRelated ContentCorpus NarratologyMachine Learning and NarrativeMachine Reading Comprehension and […]

Ideal Observer Theory

Aesthetics Ideal Observer Theories in Aesthetics by Stephanie Ross. GlossaryAestheticsIdeal Observer Theory Epistemology Ideal Agents and Ideal Observers in Epistemology by Linda Zagzebski. GlossaryEpistemologyIdeal Observer Theory Ethics Ethical Absolutism and the Ideal Observer by Roderick Firth, The Definition of an 'Ideal Observer' Theory in Ethics by Richard B. Brandt and The Artificial Moral Advisor: The […]