Research and Development

Literal and Figurative Language and Verbal and Visual Analogies, Metaphors and Blends

Interpreting and Understanding Literal and Figurative Language

The Meanings of Literal by George Lakoff, The Literal and the Figurative by H. Bredin, On the Priority of Salient Meanings: Studies of Literal and Figurative Language by Rachel Giora, Discourse Context Effects: Metaphorical and Literal Interpretations by Boaz Keysar, Interpreting Figurative Meaning by Raymond W. Gibbs Jr. and Herbert L. Colston, A Computational Model of Metaphor Interpretation by James Martin, On Our Mind: Salience, Context, and Figurative Language by Rachel Giora, Computational Approaches to Figurative Language by James Martin, Evaluating Contemporary Models of Figurative Language Understanding by Raymond W. Gibbs Jr, The Poetics of Mind: Figurative Thought, Language, and Understanding by Raymond W. Gibbs Jr, Blending and Coded Meaning: Literal and Figurative Meaning in Cognitive Semantics by Seana Coulson and Todd Oakley and Semantic Leaps: Frame-shifting and Conceptual Blending in Meaning Construction by Seana Coulson.

Analogy, Metaphor and Blending

Empirical Research on Metaphor in Literature by Gerard Steen, Metaphor and Literary Comprehension: Towards a Discourse Theory of Metaphor in Literature by Gerard Steen, Evaluating Conceptual Metaphor Theory by Raymond W. Gibbs Jr, The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind’s Hidden Complexities by Gilles Fauconnier and Mark Turner, Conceptual Blending and Analogy by Gilles Fauconnier, Blending and Metaphor by Joseph Grady, Todd Oakley and Seana Coulson, On Metaphor and Blending by Gilles Fauconnier and George Lakoff, Material Anchors for Conceptual Blends by Edwin Hutchins, Grounded Blends, Gestures, and Conceptual Shifts by Scott K. Liddell, Conceptual Blending, Narrative Discourse, and Rhetoric by Todd Oakley, Topic—vehicle Interaction in Metaphor Comprehension by Matthew S. McGlone and Deanna A. Manfredi, Relational Words Have High Metaphoric Potential by Anja Jamrozik, Eyal Sagi, Micah Goldwater and Dedre Gentner, Relations among Relations: Analogies, Metaphors, and Stories by Ian Stewart, Dermot Barnes-Holmes, Steven C. Hayes and Regina Lipkens, Analogy and Relational Reasoning by Keith J. Holyoak, Reasoning about Relations by Geoffrey P. Goodwin and Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Reasoning about the Relations between Relations by Geoffrey P. Goodwin and Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Remarks on the Meaning of Analogical Relations by Ulf Krumnack, Helmar Gust, Angela Schwering, and Kai-Uwe Kühnberger, Relational Processing in Conceptual Combination and Analogy by Zachary Estes, Lara L. Jones, Robert Leech, Denis Mareschal and Richard P. Cooper, Thematic Thinking: The Apprehension and Consequences of Thematic Relations by Zachary Estes, Sabrina Golonka and Lara L. Jones, Thematic Relations in Adults’ Concepts by Emilie L. Lin and Gregory L. Murphy, The Influence of Thematic Relations on Similarity and Difference by Sabrina Golonka, Thematic Integration in the Similarity of Abstract and Concrete Items by Katja Wiemer-Hastings and Xu Xu, Thematic Relations Affect Similarity via Commonalities by Sabrina Golonka and Zachary Estes, Metaphors and Categories by Yeshayahu Shen, Categorization Creates Functional Features by Philippe G. Schyns and Luc Rodet, Varieties and Directions of Interdomain Influence in Metaphor by John A. Barnden, Sheila R. Glasbey, Mark G. Lee and Alan M. Wallington, Perceptual Simulation in Conceptual Combination: Evidence from Property Generation by Ling-ling Wu and Lawrence W. Barsalou, Property Instantiation in Conceptual Combination by Edward J. Wisniewski, Perceptual Simulation in Property Verification by Karen O. Solomon and Lawrence W. Barsalou, Metaphor Comprehension as Attributive Categorization by Lara L. Jones and Zachary Estes, Metaphor, Relevance and the “Emergent Property” Issue by Deirdre Wilson and Robyn Carston and The Development of Features in Object Concepts by Philippe G. Schyns, Robert L. Goldstone and Jean-Pierre Thibaut.

The Semantics and Pragmatics of Analogy, Metaphor and Blending

Metaphor and the Communicative Mind by Line Brandt, Ambiguity and Metaphor by Alan Bailin, The Semantics and Pragmatics of Metaphor by Nicholas Asher and Alex Lascarides, Creativity and Convention: The Pragmatics of Everyday Figurative Speech by Rosa E. V. Moreno, Inferring Pragmatic Messages from Metaphor by Raymond Gibbs, Markus Tendahl and Lacey Okonski, When Is Metaphor Deliberate by Gerard J. Steen, Deliberate Metaphor Affords Conscious Metaphorical Cognition by Gerard J. Steen, Metaphor and Art: Interactionism and Reference in the Verbal and Nonverbal Arts by Carl R. Hausman and Temporal Unfolding of Conceptual Metaphoric Experience by Raymond W. Gibbs Jr. and Malaika J. Santa Cruz.

Visual Analogy, Metaphor and Blending

Visual Intelligence and Analogical Thinking by Paul Messaris, Metaphor in Pictures by John M. Kennedy, Metaphoric Mappings: The Art of Visualization by Donna Cox, Visual Meaning: A Social Semiotic by Jewitt Carey, Visual Metaphor by Noel Carroll, A Conceptual Structure of Visual Metaphor by Daniel Serig, A Conceptual Analysis of Form and Content in Visual Metaphors by Stuart J. Kaplan, Metaphoric Thought and Devices in Pictures by John M. Kennedy, Christopher D. Green and John Vervaeke, The Identification of Target and Source in Pictorial Metaphors by Charles Forceville, Cognitive Poetics and Imagery by Line Brandt and Per A. Brandt, Pragmatic Forces in Metaphor Use: The Mechanics of Blend Recruitment in Visual Metaphors by Tony Veale, Non-verbal and Multimodal Metaphor in a Cognitivist Framework: Agendas for Research by Charles Forceville, The Perception of Moving Images by Julian Hochberg, From Thought to Modality: A Theoretical Framework for Analysing Structural-conceptual Metaphors and Image Metaphors in Film by Maarten Coëgnarts and Peter Kravanja, The Film Experience as Cognitive Structure by John M. Carroll, Film, Language, and Conceptual Structures. Thinking Film in the Age of Cognitivism by Johannes A. A. Simons, Metaphor and Film by Trevor Whittock, The Cognitive Semiotics of Film by Warren Buckland, The Discourse of Pictures: Iconicity and Film Studies by Stephen Prince, Intersemiotic Texture: Analyzing Cohesive Devices between Language and Images by Yu Liu and Kay L. O’Halloran and Interdependence, Interaction and Metaphor in Multisemiotic Texts by Kay L. O’Halloran.

Context and the Comprehension of Analogies, Metaphors and Blends

Interpreting and Evaluating Metaphors by Roger Tourangeau and Lance Rips, Metaphors in Conversational Context: Toward a Connectivity Theory of Metaphor Interpretation by David Ritchie, Creativity in Interpreting Poetic Metaphors by Bipin Indurkhya, Metaphor Processing and Polysemy by Bahriye S. Gokcesu, Conventionality, Polysemy, and Metaphor Comprehension by Brian F. Bowdle, Metaphor Comprehension: From Comparison to Categorization by Brian F. Bowdle and Dedre Gentner, Interpreting Metaphors and Idioms: Some Effects of Context on Comprehension by Andrew Ortony, Diane L. Schallert, Ralph E. Reynolds and Stephen J. Antos, On Understanding Metaphor: The Role of Context by Patricia Gildea and Sam Glucksberg, Effect of Different Contexts on Memory for Metaphor by Allyssa McCabe, Contextual Effects on Metaphor Comprehension in Reading by Albrecht W. Inhoff, Susan D. Lima and Patrick J. Carroll, Contexts of Metaphor by Michiel Leezenberg, How Context Makes Metaphor Comprehension Seem “Special” by Raymond W. Gibbs Jr. and Richard J. Gerrig, The Role of Context in Metaphor Comprehension by Makiko Shinjo and Jerome L. Myers, On Understanding Metaphor: The Role of Context by Patricia Gildea and Sam Glucksberg, Metaphor and Context: A Perspective from Artificial Intelligence by John Barnden, Analogy Is like Cognition: Dynamic, Emergent, and Context-sensitive by Boicho Kokinov, Context-dependent Effects on Analogical Transfer by R. Mason Spencer and Robert W. Weisberg, Affect in Analogical Transfer by Norbert Jausovec, Analogy in Context by Brian Falkenhainer and Contextual Effects on Conceptual Blending in Metaphors: An Event-related Potential Study by Gloria Y. Fan-Pei, Kailyn Bradley, Madiha Huq, Dai-Lin Wu and Daniel C. Krawczyk.

Computational Models of Understanding Analogies, Metaphors and Blends

Computational Models of Analogy by Dedre Gentner and Kenneth D. Forbus, Metaphor Comprehension: A Computational Theory by Walter Kintsch and Computer Understanding of Metaphorically Used Verbs by Sylvia W. Russell.

Generating Descriptive and Explanatory Analogies, Metaphors and Blending

The Computational Modeling of Analogy-making by Robert M. French, Generating Analogical Natural Language Object Descriptions by Vibhu O. Mittal, Analogical Explanations by Vibhu O. Mittal and Cécile L. Paris, Generating Explanations in Context: The System Perspective by Vibhu O. Mittal and Cécile L. Paris, Formulating Concepts and Analogies According to Purpose by Smadar T. Kedar-Cabelli, Effects of Discourse Goals on the Process of Metaphor Production by Akira Utsumi, Kota Nakamura and Maki Sakamoto and Goal-driven Conceptual Blending: A Computational Approach for Creativity by Boyang Li, Alexander Zook, Nicholas Davis and Mark O. Riedl.