Research and Development

Interactive Narrative and Interpretation


Surveying Narratology by Sabine Gross, Narrative Theory and / or / as Theory of Interpretation by Tom Kindt and Hans-Harald Müller, Interpretation and Narrative Understanding by Louis O. Mink, Interpreting the Text: A Critical Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Literary Interpretation by Kenneth M. Newton, Relevance Theory and Literary Interpretation by Anne Furlong, Context, Attention and Depth of Processing during Interpretation by Anthony J. Sanford, Readers’ Varying Interpretations of Theme in Short Fiction by Victoria Kurtz and Michael F. Schober, Situation Models and Themes by Rolf A. Zwaan, Gabriel A. Radvansky and Shannon N. Whitten, Psychological and Computational Research on Theme Comprehension by Art Graesser, Victoria Pomeroy and Scotty Craig, Activation of Themes during Narrative Reading by Hao Zhang, Interpretive Inferences in Literature by Susan R. Goldman, Kathryn S. McCarthy and Candice Burkett, Reading Beyond the Lines: A Critical Review of Cognitive Approaches to Literary Interpretation and Comprehension by Kathryn S. McCarthy, Narratology for Interactive Storytelling: A Critical Introduction by Marc Cavazza and David Pizzi, From Narrative Games to Playable Stories: Toward a Poetics of Interactive Narrative by Marie-Laure Ryan and Toward a Hermeneutic Narratology of Interactive Digital Storytelling by Fanfan Chen.

Cognitive Narratology

The Cognitive Turn in Narratology by Elrud Ibsch, The Neurology of Narrative by Kay Young and Jeffrey L. Saver, Literature and the Brain by Norman N. Holland, Literary Brains: Neuroscience, Criticism, and Theory by Patrick C. Hogan, Such Stuff as Dreams: The Psychology of Fiction by Keith Oatley, Conscious and Unconscious Processes in Readers’ Narrative Experiences by Richard J. Gerrig, The Cognitive Science of Fiction by Keith Oatley, “Literary Interpretation” and Cognitive Literary Studies by Tony E. Jackson, The Cognitive Paradigm in Literary Studies by Joseph M. Bizup and Eugene R. Kintgen, Narratology as a Cognitive Science by David Herman, Cognitive Approaches to Narrative Analysis by David Herman, Aspects of Literary Comprehension: A Cognitive Approach by Rolf A. Zwaan, Cognitive Processes in Reading Literary Texts: The Influence of Context, Goals and Situations by Dietrich Meutsch and Reading Imaginatively: The Imagination in Cognitive Science and Cognitive Literary Studies by Emily T. Troscianko.

Narrative and Theatre

The Performance Turn in Narrative Studies by Eric E. Peterson and Kristin M. Langellier, Theatre and Children’s Pretend Play by Natalie C. Schmitt, Neural Correlates of Observing Pretend Play in Which One Object Is Represented as Another by Charles Whitehead, Jennifer L. Marchant, David Craik and Chris D. Frith, Metaphor and Prop Oriented Make‐believe by Kendall L. Walton, Mimesis: Where Play and Narrative Meet by Carol F. Feldman, Mimesis as a Phenomenon of Semiotic Communication by Timo Maran, Dynamics of the Sign in the Theater by Jindrich Honzl, Semiotics of Theatrical Performance by Umberto Eco, Theatre as Sign System: A Semiotics of Text and Performance by Elaine Aston and George Savona, A Sociosemiotic Theory of Theatre by Jean Alter, The Semiotics of Theatre and Drama by Keir Elam, The Theory and Analysis of Drama by Manfred Pfister and Is There a Text on This Stage?: Theatre / Authorship / Interpretation by Gerald Rabkin.

Emergent Narrative

Narrative Theory and Emergent Interactive Narrative by Sandy Louchart and Ruth Aylett, The Emergence of Narrative: Procedural Creation of Narrative in Artificial Aesthetic Artifacts by Miguel Carvalhais, The Emergent Narrative Theoretical Investigation by Sandy Louchart and Ruth Aylett, Emergent Narrative in Interactive Media by Richard Walsh, Improvisation and Performance as Models for Interacting with Stories by Joshua Tanenbaum and Karen Tanenbaum, Interactive Drama: Narrativity in a Highly Interactive Environment by Marie-Laure Ryan, Narrative Development in Improvisational Theatre by Allan Baumer and Brian Magerko, Dramatic Level Analysis for Interactive Narrative by Alyx Macfadyen, Andrew Stranieri and John L. Yearwood, Emergence and Generative Art by Gordon Monro, The Aesthetics of Emergence: Co-constructed Interactions by Melanie Baljko and Nell Tenhaaf, Traversal Hermeneutics: The Emergence of Narrative in Ergodic Media by Miguel Carvalhais, Unfolding and Unwinding, a Perspective on Generative Narrative by Miguel Carvalhais, Interactive Films and Coconstruction by Renato Verdugo, Miguel Nussbaum, Pablo Corro, Pablo Nuñnez and Paula Navarrete and Dramatic Flow in Interactive 3D Narrative by Alyx Macfadyen, Andrew Stranieri and John Yearwood.

Interactive Narrative as Communication

Narrative and Communication by Zoltán Kanyó, Narrative as Communication by Didier Coste, The Narrative-communication Structure in Interactive Narrative Works by Udi Ben-Arie, Narrative Meaning Creation in Interactive Storytelling by Joshua Tanenbaum and Angela Tomizu and Exploring Narrative Interpretation and Adaptation for Interactive Story Creation by Ulrike Spierling and Steve Hoffmann.

Abductive Reasoning and Interpretation

Abductive Reasoning, Interpretation and Collaborative Processes by Claudia Arrighi and Roberta Ferrario, Interpretation as Abduction by Jerry R. Hobbs, Mark Stickel, Paul Martin and Douglas Edwards, Context in Abductive Interpretation by Matthew Stone and Richmond H. Thomason and Abductive Reasoning for Continual Dialogue Understanding by Miroslav Janíček.

Symbolism, Semiotics and Perceptual Symbols

The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms: The Phenomenology of Knowledge by Ernst Cassirer, Symbolism and Interpretation by Tzvetan Todorov and Catherine Porter, Semiotics and Interpretation by Robert Scholes, Perceptual Symbol Systems by Lawrence W. Barsalou, Perceptions of Perceptual Symbols by Lawrence W. Barsalou and Embodied Cognition, Perceptual Symbols, and Situation Models by Rolf A. Zwaan.

Event Perception and Memory

Event Perception by Barbara Tversky and Jeffrey M. Zacks, Event Perception: A Mind-brain Perspective by Jeffrey M. Zacks, Nicole K. Speer, Khena M. Swallow, Todd S. Braver and Jeremy R. Reynolds, Segmentation in the Perception and Memory of Events by Christopher A. Kurby and Jeffrey M. Zacks, Event Structure in Perception and Conception by Jeffrey M. Zacks and Barbara Tversky, Perceiving, Remembering, and Communicating Structure in Events by Jeffrey M. Zacks, Barbara Tversky and Gowri Iyer, What Constitutes an Episode in Episodic Memory? by Youssef Ezzyat and Lila Davachi, The Sensory Nature of Episodic Memory: Sensory Priming Effects Due to Memory Trace Activation by Lionel Brunel, Elodie Labeye, Mathieu Lesourd and Rémy Versace, “Situated Events” in Fictional Worlds: The Reader’s Role in Context Construction by Catherine Emmott, The Role of the Reader: Explorations in the Semiotics of Texts by Umberto Eco, Deconstructing Episodic Memory with Construction by Demis Hassabis and Eleanor A. Maguire and The Construction System of the Brain by Demis Hassabis and Eleanor A. Maguire.

Mental Models and Narrative

Comparing Cognitive and Computational Models of Narrative Structure by David B. Christian and Robert Michael Young, How Does the Mind Construct and Represent Stories by Arthur C. Graesser, Brent Olde and Bianca Klettke, The Construction of Situation Models in Narrative Comprehension: An Event-indexing Model by Rolf A. Zwaan, M. C. Langston and Arthur C. Graesser, Dimensions of Situation Model Construction in Narrative Comprehension by Rolf A. Zwaan, Joseph P. Magliano and Arthur C. Graesser, Mental Models in Narrative Comprehension by Gordon H. Bower and Daniel G. Morrow, Updating Situation Models during Narrative Comprehension by Daniel G. Morrow, Gordon H. Bower and Steven L. Greenspan, Backward Updating of Mental Models during Continuous Reading of Narratives by Manuel de Vega, Working Memory and Situation Model Updating by Gabriel A. Radvansky and David E. Copeland, Updating a Situation Model: A Memory-based Text Processing View by Edward J. O’Brien, Michelle L. Rizzella, Jason E. Albrecht and Jennifer G. Halleran, Situational Information Contributes to Object Categorization and Inference by S. E. Chaigneau, L. W. Barsalou and M. Zamani, Situation-based Inferences during Narrative Comprehension by Daniel G. Morrow, Gordon H. Bower and Steven L. Greenspan, Inferential Processing and the Comprehension of Literary Texts by W. John Harker, Constructing Inferences during Narrative Text Comprehension by Arthur C. Graesser, Murray Singer and Tom Trabasso, Updating a Mental Model: Maintaining Both Local and Global Coherence by Jason E. Albrecht and Edward J. O’Brien, Situation Models and Levels of Coherence: Toward a Definition of Comprehension by Isabelle Tapiero, Mental Models Contribute to Foregrounding during Text Comprehension by Arthur M. Glenberg, Marion Meyer and Karen Lindem, Accessibility and Situation Models in Narrative Comprehension by Daniel G. Morrow, Steven L. Greenspan, and Gordon H. Bower and Modeling Causal Integration and Availability of Information during Comprehension of Narrative Texts by Tom Trabasso and Mark Langston.

Shared Mental Models and Improvisational Theatre

Modeling Cognitive Loads for Evolving Shared Mental Models in Human–agent Collaboration by Xiaocong Fan and John Yen, Improvised Dialogues: Emergence and Creativity in Conversation by R. Keith Sawyer, The Pragmatics of Play: Interactional Strategies during Children’s Pretend Play by Keith Sawyer, Anchoring Social Symbol Grounding in Children’s Interactions by Paul Vogt and J. Douglas Mastin, Mental Models edited by Dedre Gentner and Albert L. Stevens, Mental Models: An Interdisciplinary Synthesis of Theory and Methods by Natalie Jones, Helen Ross, Timothy Lynam, Pascal Perez and Anne Leitch, Shared Mental Models by Catholijn M. Jonker, M. Birna van Riemsdijk and Bas Vermeulen, Shared Mental Models in Improvisational Digital Characters by Brian Magerko, Peter Dohogne and Daniel Fuller, A Formal Architecture of Shared Mental Models for Computational Improvisational Agents by Rania Hodhod, Andreya Piplica and Brian Magerko, Shared Mental Models in Improvisational Digital Characters by Brian Magerko, Peter Dohogne and Daniel Fuller, Reaching Cognitive Consensus with Improvisational Agents by Rania Hodhod and Brian Magerko, A Computational Model for Finding the Tilt in an Improvised Scene by António Brisson, Brian Magerko and Ana Paiva, Tilt Riders: Improvisational Agents Who Know What the Scene Is About by António Brisson, Brian Magerko and Ana Paiva and What Are We Playing At? Theatre, Organization, and the Use of Metaphor by Joep P. Cornelissen.

Possible Worlds

Possible Worlds by Marie-Laure Ryan, Possible Worlds and Accessibility Relations: A Semantic Typoloty of Fiction by Marie-Laure Ryan, Possible Worlds in Literary Theory by Ruth Ronen, A Fabula Model for Emergent Narrative by Ivo Swartjes and Mariët Theune and Language, Concepts, and Worlds: Three Domains of Metaphor by Samuel R. Levin.

Figurative Language, Metaphor, Tropes, Motifs and Interpretation

Interpreting Metaphorical Statements by Xu Xu, Creativity in Interpreting Poetic Metaphors by Bipin Indurkhya, Metaphor and Art: Interactionism and Reference in the Verbal and Nonverbal Arts by Carl R. Hausman, Comprehending Figurative Referring Descriptions by Raymond W. Gibbs Jr, Beyond Metaphor: The Theory of Tropes in Anthropology edited by James W. Fernandez, Understanding Tropes: At the Crossroads between Pragmatics and Cognition by Javier Herrero Ruiz, Figurativeness Figuring as a Condenser between Event and Action: How Tropes Generate Additional Dimensions of Narrativity by Benjamin Biebuyck, Necessary Metaphors and Contingent Metonymies: The Interpretation of Tropes by Owen Miller, Motif Definition and Classification to Structure Non-linear Plots and to Control the Narrative Flow in Interactive Dramas by Knut Hartmann, Sandra Hartmann, and Matthias Feustel and Unpacking Metaphors and Allegories by Gai Windmueller.

Allegory and Allegoresis

On Symbol and Allegory by Gunnar Berefelt, Allegory as Interpretation by Morton W. Bloomfield, Interpretation and Allegory: Antiquity to the Modern Period edited by Jon Whitman, Literary History, Allegory, and Semiology by Jonathan Culler, Allegory and Representation by Stephen Greenblatt, Cognitive Allegory by Sarah Tolmie, Assembling Spaces: The Conceptual Structure of Allegory by Michael Sinding, Interpretation, Allegory, and Allegoresis by Peter Berek, The Allegorical Impulse by Raymond W. Gibbs Jr, Allegory and Allegoresis, Rhetoric and Hermeneutics by Rita Copeland and Stephen Melville, Allegory: The Theory of a Symbolic Mode by Angus Fletcher and Allegory, Blending and Possible Situations by Peter Crisp.

Intention and Interpretation

Intentionalism in Aesthetics by Paisley Livingston, Literary Intention, Literary Interpretations, and Readers by John Maynard, Intention, Interpretation and the Computational Structure of Language by Matthew Stone, Authorial Intentions in Text Understanding by Raymond W. Gibbs Jr, Narrative Theory and the Intentional Stance by David Herman, Art and Intention: A Philosophical Study by Paisley Livingston, Interpretation and Construction: Art, Speech, and the Law by Robert Stecker, Reading for the Plot: Design and Intention in Narrative by Peter Brooks, Actual Intentionalism vs. Hypothetical Intentionalism by Gary Iseminger, Interpretation and Intention: The Debate between Hypothetical and Actual Intentionalism by Noël Carroll, Meaning, Intent, and the Implied Author by Mari-Laure Ryan, The Implied Author: Concept and Controversy by Tom Kindt and Hans-Harald Müller, Interpretation without Intention by Joseph Raz, Intention Interpretation edited by Gary Iseminger, Intentions in Meaningful Experiences by Raymond W. Gibbs Jr, Incorporating Authorial Intent into Generative Narrative Systems by Mark O. Reidl, An Epistemic Dilemma for Actual Intentionalism by Saam Trivedi, Intentions and Potential Intentions Revisited by Xiaocong Fan and John Yen and Decision as Choice of Potential Intentions by Xiaocong Fan.

Validity of Interpretations

Validity in Interpretation by Eric D. Hirsch, Validity in Interpretation and the Literary Institution by K. M. Newton and Conflicting Readings: Variety and Validity in Interpretation by Paul B. Armstrong.

Significance, Texture and Aesthetics

Beyond Interpretation: The Cognitive Significance of Reading by David S. Miall, Texture: A Cognitive Aesthetics of Reading by Peter Stockwell, Aspects of a Phenomenological View of Narrative by H. G. Ruthrof, Phenomenology and Literary Aesthetics by Renato P. Oropeza and The Cognitive Poetics of Literary Resonance by Peter Stockwell.

Modeling Readers and Players

The Reader in History: The Changing Shape of Literary Response by Jane P. Tompkins, Cognition and the Implied Reader by Robert Scholes, Singular Text, Multiple Implied Readers by Brian Richardson and Player Modeling in the Interactive Drama Architecture by Brian S. Magerko.