Research and Development


Imaginary Worlds

Building Imaginary Worlds: The Theory and History of Subcreation by Mark J. P. Wolf, The Routledge Companion to Imaginary Worlds edited by Mark J. P. Wolf, World-building Tools by David Langdon, Ways of Worldmaking by Nelson Goodman, Actual Minds, Possible Worlds by Jerome Bruner and Experiencing Narrative Worlds: On the Psychological Activities of Reading by Richard J. Gerrig.

Possible Worlds

Possible Worlds in Literary Theory by Ruth Ronen and Possible Worlds Theory and Contemporary Narratology edited by Alice Bell and Marie-Laure Ryan.

Fantasy Worlds

Alternative Worlds in Fantasy Fiction edited by Peter Hunt and Millicent Lenz.

Plausible Worlds

Plausible Worlds: Possibility and Understanding in History and the Social Sciences by Geoffrey Hawthorn.

Past Worlds

Historiographic Narration by Daniel Fulda, Narrative Factuality: A Handbook edited by Monika Fludernik and Marie-Laure Ryan, Fictional Narrative, Factual Narrative by Gérard Genette, Nitsa Ben-Ari and Brian McHale, Possible Worlds Theory and Counterfactual Historical Fiction by Riyukta Raghunath and Alternate History: Playing with Contingency and Necessity by Kathleen Singles.

Future Worlds

Worldbuilding in Science Fiction, Foresight and Design by Leah Zaidi, What in the World? Storyworlds, Science Fiction, and Futures Studies by Peter von Stackelberg and Alex McDowell and Envisioning Futures: Imagining Technoscientific Worlds in Film by Regula V. Burri.

Utopian and Dystopian Worlds

Utopian Fantasy by Richard Gerber, Varieties of Literary Utopias by Northrop Frye, The Cambridge Companion to Utopian Literature edited by Gregory Claeys, Dystopian Literature: A Theory and Research Guide by M. Keith Booker, Dystopia: A Natural History by Gregory Claeys, Dystopian Literature and the Sociological Imagination by Sean Seeger and Daniel Davison-Vecchione and Utopia/Dystopia: Conditions of Historical Possibility edited by Michael D. Gordin, Helen Tilley and Gyan Prakash.