Research and Development

Modeling the Ethical Dimensions of Actions


The Theory of Planned Behavior by Icek Ajzen, Action and Conduct: Thomas Aquinas and the Theory of Action by Stephen L. Brock and Ethics and Action by Peter Winch.


Utilitarianism by John S. Mill, Utilitarianism by Jeremy Bentham and Consequentialism by Julia Driver.


Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals by Immanuel Kant and The Right and the Good by William D. Ross.

Virtue Ethics

Virtue Ethics by Julia Annas, Normative Virtue Ethics by Rosalind Hursthouse and Roger Crisp and Virtue Ethics and Moral Education by David Carr and Jan Steutel.

Situational Ethics

Situation Ethics: The New Morality by Joseph Fletcher and Moral Particularism edited by Brad Hooker and Margaret O. Little.

Pragmatic Ethics

Pragmatic Ethics by Hugh LaFollette.

Machine Ethics

Machine Ethics edited by Michael Anderson and Susan L. Anderson, Artificial Moral Agents: A Survey of the Current Status by José-Antonio Cervantes, Sonia López, Luis-Felipe Rodríguez, Salvador Cervantes, Francisco Cervantes and Félix Ramos, On Proactive, Transparent, and Verifiable Ethical Reasoning for Robots by Paul Bremner, Louise A. Dennis, Michael Fisher and Alan F. T. Winfield, Towards Verifiably Ethical Robot Behaviour by Louise A. Dennis, Michael Fisher and Alan F. T. Winfield, An Architecture for Ethical Robots Inspired by the Simulation Theory of Cognition by Dieter Vanderelst and Alan F. T. Winfield and Simulation-based Internal Models for Safer Robots by Christian Blum, Alan F. T. Winfield and Verena V. Hafner.