Research and Development

Category: Cognitive Neuroscience

Adaptive Instructional Systems and Attention Training

Introduction Attention span is the amount of time that learners can spend concentrating on tasks. Sustained attention develops through childhood and into adulthood, with a period of accelerated development occurring during early and middle childhood (Slattery, O’Callaghan, Ryan, Fortune, & McAvinue, 2022). Attention training is a part of education. Learners are trained to remain focused […]

The Recommendation of Advice and Wisdom

Introduction Wise people share advice and wisdom in the forms of allegories, anecdotes, aphorisms, apologues, fables, folklore, historical analogues, jokes, literature, lyrics, parables, poems, proverbs, quotations, stories, and witticisms. It is a multidisciplinary challenge to build artificial intelligence systems capable of these tasks. Towards solving this challenge, a new approach is presented: story-based search and […]

Narrative, Context and Decision-making

Frame The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice by Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman, The Framing of Decisions and the Rationality of Choice by Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman, Rational Choice and the Framing of Decisions by Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman, Contextual Effects and the Influence of the Frame on Decision Making […]

Multitask Learning

Introduction Clustering and Compositionality of Task Representations in a Neural Network Trained to Perform Many Cognitive Tasks by Guangyu R. Yang, H. Francis Song, William T. Newsome and Xiao-Jing Wang, Task Representations in Neural Networks Trained to Perform Many Cognitive Tasks by Guangyu R. Yang, Madhura R. Joglekar, H. Francis Song, William T. Newsome and […]

Mental Representations of Audiences

Introduction The Psychology of Written Composition edited by Carl Bereiter and Marlene Scardamalia, A Synthesis of Social Cognition and Writing Research by Curtis J. Bonk and Social Cognition and Written Communication by Donald L. Rubin. GlossaryCommunicationSocial CognitionRelated ContentEducation and the Cognitive Science of WritingHigher-order Theory of MindModeling and Predicting Audience ResponseModeling Users and Comprehension to […]

Social Prospection and Behavior Planning

Social Prospection Social Cognition by Susan T. Fiske and Shelley E. Taylor, Episodic Future Thinking by Cristina M. Atance and Daniela K. O'Neill, The Role of Prediction in Social Neuroscience by Elliot C. Brown and Martin Brüne, Modeling the Predictive Social Mind by Diana I. Tamir and Mark A. Thornton and The Social Brain Automatically […]

Machine Reading Comprehension and Artificial Social Cognition

Introduction A Survey on Machine Reading Comprehension Systems by Razieh Baradaran, Razieh Ghiasi and Hossein Amirkhani, Machine Reading Comprehension: A Literature Review by Xin Zhang, An Yang, Sujian Li and Yizhong Wang and Teaching Machines to Read and Comprehend by Karl M. Hermann, Tomas Kocisky, Edward Grefenstette, Lasse Espeholt, Will Kay, Mustafa Suleyman and Phil […]

Neurosymbolic Mental Simulation and Imagination

Introduction A Neural-symbolic Framework for Mental Simulation by Michael Kissner, Simulation as an Engine of Physical Scene Understanding by Peter W. Battaglia, Jessica B. Hamrick and Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Analogues of Mental Simulation and Imagination in Deep Learning by Jessica B. Hamrick and Imagination Machines: A New Challenge for Artificial Intelligence by Sridhar Mahadevan. GlossaryComputer […]

Neurosymbolic Learning and Reasoning

Introduction Neural-symbolic Learning and Reasoning: A Survey and Interpretation by Tarek R. Besold, Artur S. d'Avila Garcez, Sebastian Bader, Howard Bowman, Pedro Domingos, Pascal Hitzler, Kai-Uwe Kühnberger, Luis C. Lamb, Daniel Lowd, Priscila M. V. Lima, Leo de Penning, Gadi Pinkas, Hoifung Poon and Gerson Zaverucha, Dimensions of Neural-symbolic Integration - A Structured Survey by […]

Neurosymbolic Multimodal Intelligence

Introduction Multimodal Intelligence: Representation Learning, Information Fusion, and Applications by Chao Zhang, Zichao Yang, Xiaodong He and Li Deng, Trends in Integration of Vision and Language Research: A Survey of Tasks, Datasets, and Methods by Aditya Mogadala, Marimuthu Kalimuthu and Dietrich Klakow, Multimodal Machine Learning: A Survey and Taxonomy by Tadas Baltrušaitis, Chaitanya Ahuja and […]