Phoster

Research and Development

Teaching Artificial Intelligence Systems

Educational Exercises and Activities

We can envision the utilization of psychometric and educational exercises and activities in the training of artificial intelligence systems. Suitable exercises and activities include: IQ test items, exercises and activities from textbooks, items from quizzes and exams, and items produced via automatic item generation.

Games

Artificial intelligence techniques have long been applied to games and game playing.

Simulation

Computer simulations, including simulations of realistic environments, can be of use for training artificial intelligence systems such as software agents, robots and autonomous vehicles.

In addition to their utility with respect to simulating environments, computer simulations can be of use to artificial intelligence systems for planning courses of action and imagining the results or consequences of actions.

Social Simulation

We can envision the utilization of social simulation in the training of artificial intelligence systems. Such social simulations might resemble play or improvisational theatre, designed to develop the social cognition, theory of mind and mentalization capabilities of artificial intelligence systems.

Social simulations can also be of use to artificial intelligence systems for planning courses of action and imagining the results or consequences of actions.

Teacher-student Architecture

Teacher-student architectures include two varieties of interacting artificial intelligence systems: teachers and students.

Typically, the students are machine learning systems and the teachers are responsible for tasks including selecting the appropriate data, loss functions and hypothesis spaces to utilize. Teacher-student systems can exhibit co-evolution, students and teachers improving together over the course of iterative scenarios.

Interactive Narrative

Interactive narrative can build upon simulation and social simulation, utilizing digital directors, drama managers and/or experience managers to enhance the pedagogical value of scenarios with respect to the training of artificial intelligence systems.

Interactive narrative is well suited for teaching machine ethics to artificial intelligence systems.

Simulated Learners

Simulated learners can approximate the learning processes of humans to such a degree that instructional design and pedagogy can be advanced through their use.